Zika Virus Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

About Zika Virus , How to find Zika Virus Symptoms , How to Diagnosis Zika Virus infection, How to Zika Virus Treatment after disease. The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.
Zika virus disease is a mosquito-borne disease caused by Zika virus (ZIKV) which causes in general a mild febrile illness with maculo-papular rash. A significant increase of patients with Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) was reported during the 2014 outbreak in French Polynesia. ZIKV disease is now considered as an emerging infectious disease.There is no prophylaxis, treatment or vaccine to protect against ZIKV infection.

Zika Virus Yellow fever Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment  

The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week. 

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Zika Virus Alert:  

  1. Zika is a Flavi viridiae of RNA Virus. 
  2. Belongs to Dengue, Chikungunya,West Neile, J.E Yellow fever groups.
  3. At present outbreak at Brazil – America. 
  4. Mosquito born -Aedes agypti. 
  5. Cardinal symptoms – Hyperpyrexia, Body ache , Conjuctivitis( Not seen in Dengue & Chik) Rhases.
  6. Mild form – Not a Mortality disease.
  7. Pathogenesis – Immediate after a bite of mosquito it infect Dendritic cell then to Lymph Node to Blood stream. 
  8. Incubation period 2 to 14 days.

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Public Health importance

  • 1. Not a Mortality Disease.
  • 2. Mid form not like dengue.
  • 3. Self limitting. Pt. recoverd in 7 days.
  • 4. Only symptomatic management – Rehydration, Antipyretic .
  • 5. Complication – post infection GBS. & Microcephaly (infection in 1st trimster.)
  • 6. This cogenital anamoly possibly because – the virus replicate in the nucleous of the infected Cells. Other flavi viruses replicate in the Cytoplasm.
  • 7. No transoverian transmission in mosquito.
  • 8. So Pregnant mothers in early pergnancy avoid travel to America.
  • 9. No Specific Vaccine & Drug.
  • 10. Transmission also by Sexual route. ( Virus Isolated in Semen).

Zika Virus Prevention : 

  • 1. Restrict travel to America.
  • 2. No travel in Early pregnancy.
  • 3. Any individuals from Amerca will be watched for fever upto14 days.
  • 4. Devevoloped fever inform District / Local Health Authorities.
  • 5. Keep mosquito free enviornment.
  • 6. Not to use plastic cups & carry bags. 

Note : Above Information Collect from Internet in Various websites

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