National Technical Textiles Mission 2023
National Technical Textiles Mission 2023.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM) with a budget of Rs. 1480 crores for four years (FY: 2020-2021 to 2023-2024) in 2020. The National Textile Technology Mission (NTTM) is a collaboration between the Ministry of Textiles, the Government of India, and the Central Bank to grow 20 major research projects in the fields of specialty fibers and geotextiles. The goal of the mission is to strengthen India position as a global leader in technical textiles in order to promote inclusive expansion and market development in the textile sector.
This topic of ‘National Technical Textile Mission (NTTM)’ is significant in the context of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Paper 3 (Mains) and General Studies Paper 1 (Preliminary), specifically in the Economics section.
In this article, we will talk about the ‘National Technical Textile Mission (NTTM)’ and learn about technical textile fabrics, their key features, objectives, benefits, initiatives, and more.
What exactly are technical textiles?
Technical textiles are designed products with specific functions.
They are made from natural and man-made fibres such as Nomex, Kevlar, Spandex, and Twaron, which have enhanced functional properties such as higher tenacity, excellent insulation, improved thermal resistance, and so on.
They are functional fabrics used in a variety of industries such as automobiles, civil engineering, construction, agriculture, healthcare, industrial safety, personal protection, and so on.
Based on application, there are 12 technical textile segments:
- Diapers, sanitary napkins, disposables, contact lenses, and artificial implants are examples of medical technology.
- Airbags, helmets, nylon tyre cords, and airline disposables are all examples of mobile technology.
- Oekotech: waste disposal and recycling. Environmental safeguards.
- Wrapping fabrics, polyolefin woven sacks, leno bags, and jute sacks are all available from Packtech.
- Bulletproof jackets, fire retardant clothing, and high visibility clothing are all available from Protech.
- Sportech manufactures sports nets, artificial turf, parachute fabrics, tents, and swimwear.
Shadenets, fishing nets, mulch mats, and hail nets are all examples of Agrotech products.
Cotton canvas tarpaulins, floor and wall coverings, and canopies are all manufactured by Buildtech.
- Clothtech includes zip fasteners, clothing, umbrella cloth, and shoelaces.
- Geotechnology includes geogrids, geonets, and geocomposites.
- Mattress and pillow fillings, stuffed toys, blinds, and carpets are examples of homech.
- Conveyor belts, vehicle seat belts, and bolting cloth are examples of geotechnical products.
- The demand for these products is driven by a country’s development and industrialization.
The National Technical Textiles Mission’s Objective:
- The mission’s primary goal is to establish India as the global leader in technical textiles. It also intends to expand the use of technical textiles in India.
- To summarise, the mission is divided into four major parts.
- The Mission is concentrating on the use of textiles in a variety of flagship missions and programmes across the country. It should also be noted that penetration in the country is low, at 5-10%, compared to 30-70% in wealthy countries.
- The current regime would also like to boost the global market for Indian technical textiles.
Mission Textile (NTTM)
- The mission’s goal is to position India as a global leader in Technical Textiles by growing the domestic market from USD 40 billion to USD 50 billion by 2024.
- It also backs the ‘Make in India’ Initiative, which promotes domestic manufacturing of related machinery and equipment.
- The penetration of technical textiles in India is low, at 5-10%, compared to 30-70% in advanced countries. The mission also aims to increase the country’s penetration of technical textiles.
- The Mission will focus on the use of technical textiles in the country’s flagship missions and programmes, including strategic sectors.
Requirements for Eligibility:
Educational Qualification: A Masters degree in Science, Engineering, or Technology is required.
Preferred: PhD in Science or Technology (PhD is equivalent to three years of experience).
Age Restrictions: 45-55 years (as on 01.01.2020)
Experience: 20 years (minimum of 10 years in technical textile research and manufacturing).
Publication of research papers in internationally / nationally renowned journals relating to technical textiles is desired.
Pay Structure: Rs. 4 lakhs per month (no perks or allowances)
Other operational benefits, such as official conveyance, telephone, and so on, will be provided in accordance with Government of India regulations.
Market size and segment consumption of technical textiles in India
National Technical Textiles Mission. In India, the current market size of technical textiles is estimated to be ‘41,756 crore. The entire technical textile sector in India is expected to grow at an annual rate of 11% by 2012-13, reaching a market size of ‘70,151 crore. The current consumption of technical textiles in India is expected to be ‘38,835 crore,’ rising to ‘65,722 crore by 2012-13. Packtech accounts for approximately 36% of Indian technical textile industry domestic consumption. Packtech’s domestic consumption is currently around ‘14,067 crore, with a 13 percent annual growth rate expected to reach ‘25,913 crore by 2012-13. Clothtech, which accounts for approximately 17% of total technical textile consumption in India, is another important component of the country’s technical textile industry. Domestic consumption in this segment is expected to increase by 8% year on year to ‘9,665 crore by 2012-13. Mobiltech and Hometech account for 8% and 12% of total technological textile consumption, respectively, and are expected to grow at an 11-12 percent annual rate over the next five years.
1)What is the mission of National Technical Textile?
The Ministry of Textiles launched this scheme to position India as a global leader in technical textiles. The annual value of technical textiles is currently 14,000 crore. This mission intends to increase this figure to 20,000 crore by 2021-22. This will ensure an average of 10% annual export growth until 2023-24.
2)What exactly are technical textiles?
Agrotech, Meditech, Buildtech, Mobiltech, Clothtech, Oekotech, Geotech, Packtech, Hometech, Protech, Indutech, and Sportech are the 12 technical textile segments based on usage.
3)Who initiated the National Technical Textile Mission?
The establishment of this mission has been approved by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), which is chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Mission would be operational for four years, from FY 2020-21 to FY 2023-24.
4)What are the three functions of textiles?
Textiles for the Home
Textile served three basic functions in this regard: Decoration (carpets, wall coverings, curtains & drapes, table cloths, etc) (carpets, wall coverings, curtains & drapes, table cloths, etc.) Comfort (Upholstery, seat covers, mattresses, bed sheets, blankets, carpets etc) (Upholstery, seat covers, mattresses, bed sheets, blankets, carpets etc) Safety (Safety belts and nets, airbags) (Safety belts and nets, airbags)